Coexisting with Raccoons

 


The following topics will be discussed on this page:

  • How do I keep raccoons out of my garbage?
  • I found raccoons in my dumpster - how do I get them out?
  • There’s a raccoon in my yard but it’s daytime - Does that mean the animal is rabid?
  • How do I get raccoons out of my attic or chimney?
  • Raccoons keep eating the food I put outdoors for the cats!
  • A raccoon keeps coming through my cat door and eating all the catfood!
  • I put in a Japanese pond but the raccoons are eating all the fish!
  • Raccoons keep making a mess of my lawn. How do I stop this?
  • Raccoons keep getting into my chicken coop!
  • Why not just trap the raccoon (or hire a trapper) to solve the problem?

Raccoons are intelligent, fascinating and highly adaptable mammals. As we destroy more and more wildlife habitat, we force animals like raccoons to come into closer contact with us. There’s no need to panic or pay hundreds of dollars for trapping services because most problems can be easily resolved with some simple advice and household materials.  Many conflicts occur in Spring and Summer when raccoons take advantage of cavities in human dwellings to raise their young. This is why it’s vital to solve problems in a way that doesn’t separate a mother from her cubs.  Here are some solutions to common raccoon problems:


Q:  How do I keep raccoons out of my garbage?

A:  Overflowing or uncovered garbage cans provide an open invitation to hungry raccoons.  The simplest solution is to put out your garbage cans for pick-up in the morning, after the nocturnal raccoons have returned to their dens.  If you must put out your garbage cans at night, get the kind of plastic garbage can with a tall (4’ high) TWIST-ON lid which raccoons can’t open.  Another option is to build a simple wooden box outside for storing garbage cans. For easy access, the top should be hinged and have a latch in front secured with a snap hook.


Q:  I found raccoons in my dumpster - how do I get them out?

A:  Often garbage disposal companies don’t close dumpster lids after emptying them in the early morning hours.  Raccoons are enticed by the food smells, jump in, and can’t climb the slippery sides.  This problem is easily resolved by putting some strong branches or plank-like pieces of wood in the dumpster so the raccoons can climb out. If your company leaves dumpster lids open all the time, we strongly recommend posting a sign telling employees that it’s vital to keep the lid closed so animals don’t become entrapped inside.

 


Q:  There’s a raccoon in my yard but it’s daytime - Does that mean the animal is rabid?

A:  Even though raccoons are considered nocturnal, mother raccoons sometimes nap in trees or forage during the day when they have nursing cubs depleting their energy.  Coastal raccoons take advantage of the tides and are often seen by day. Call your local animal control officer or police if an adult raccoon seen in daytime is acting at all sick or showing abnormal behaviors such as partial paralysis, circling, staggering as if drunk or disoriented, self-mutilating, screeching or exhibiting unprovoked aggression or unnatural tameness.  Otherwise just leave the raccoon alone and keep people and pets away from the animal.


Q:  How do I get raccoons out of my attic or chimney?

A:  In spring and summer, mother raccoons often take advantage of chimneys and attics as denning sites for raising cubs.  The easiest and best solution is to wait a few weeks for the raccoons to move out on their own. As soon as the cubs are old enough to go on nighttime outings with their mother, she will take them out of the chimney once and for all rather than continually carrying them back and forth. Remember that mother raccoons clean their babies meticulously to avoid attracting predators.  If you absolutely must evict the raccoon family, remember that raccoons look for a quiet, dark and non-noxious smelling places to raise their young.  By creating the opposite conditions, you can evict them using the following methods: 

Eviction of chimney raccoons:  Keep the damper closed and put a blaring radio (rock or rap music works best) in the fireplace.  Then put a bowl of ammonia on a footstool near the damper.  Apply these deterrents JUST BEFORE DUSK; mother raccoons won’t want to move their cubs in broad daylight.  Be patient, it may take a few days for the mother to move her young.  Once the raccoons are gone, promptly call a chimney sweep to install a mesh chimney cap (the best kind has a stainless steel top) and this situation will not recur. 

Eviction of attic raccoons:  Leave all the lights on and place a blaring radio (tuned to a rap or rock station) and rags sprinkled with ¼ cup of ammonia around the attic. You can also enhance the deterrent effect by placing the ammonia-sprinkled rags inside plastic bags and poking air holes in the bags.  This will hold the smell of ammonia longer, as ammonia ceases to smell as soon as it evaporates.  Apply these deterrents JUST BEFORE DUSK; mother raccoons will not want to move their cubs in daylight.  Be patient, it may take a few days for the mother to move her young.  Once the raccoons are gone* promptly seal any entry hole and this situation will not recur.

*Most attics contain clutter, making it hard to verify if the raccoons are gone. Before sealing any entry hole, stuff it first with newspaper and see if the paper stays in place for 3 successive nights. If so, the den is vacated. After sealing the entry hole with hardware cloth, make sure no raccoons are left behind by leaving a sardine or dog food in the attic and check if it is uneaten after 24 hours, or sprinkle flour in front of the entry hole and check for footprints of a raccoon trying to get out.

 

 


Q: Raccoons keep eating the food I put outdoors for the cats!

A: If you leave food out all the time, you will attract raccoons and other animals. The solution is to feed the cats only at a certain time in the morning or midday, then take away any uneaten food. The cats will get used to the schedule and modify their behavior accordingly.

 


Q: A raccoon keeps coming through my cat door and eating all the catfood!

A: No self-respecting raccoon is going to ignore a free buffet! The best solution is to feed your cats indoors and not use a cat door at all.  However, if you must have a cat door, you should purchase a strong, electrically controlled dog or cat doors that only lets your designated pet in through a signal transmitted by their collar. These doors can be found at many local pet supply stores and catalogs.


Q: I put in a Japanese pond but the raccoons are eating all the fish!

A: It is difficult to have a delicacy like fish in an area and expect raccoon s not to take notice! The best solution is to maintain a higher water level (at least 3 feet deep) and stack cinder blocks, large rocks, or ceramic pipes in the bottom of the pond so the fish can escape from the raccoons and take refuge.


Q: Raccoons keep making a mess of my lawn. How do I stop this?

A: The raccoons are going after the grubs in your lawn. If you keep your lawn well watered, this exacerbates the problem since it drives the grubs to the surface layer of the soil. The good news is that the grubbing activity, although unsightly, does not permanently damage the lawn. The best solution is to rid your lawn of the grubs, rather than the raccoons, because the grubs will continue to be an attractive food source to many wild animals.  A long term, ecological solution is to apply the product "Grub Away Nematodes" to your lawn from a company called Garden's Alive (www.gardensalive.com).  Nematodes are tiny, microscopic organisms that target both japanese beetle grubs as well as the masked chafer beetle grubs.  Nematodes are non-toxic and an envinronmentally sound choice for grub control.

“Milky Spore” is another ecologically sound product, found at most local garden stores, that can be applied to the soil in your yard to control grubs. This natural bacteria will spread and get rid of the grubs, but it takes a long time to work (1+ years).

We don’t recommend chemical pesticides due to their toxic effect on the environment, people and animals.

 


Q: Raccoons keep getting into my chicken coop!

A: The only answer is to reinforce your chicken coop so the raccoons cannot have access to the chickens. Heavy gauge welded wire should be used and another layer of finer mesh put over it to prevent raccoons from being able to reach through. Although an inconvenience, once an animal pen is well reinforced and maintained, there will be no more problems.


Q: Why not just trap the raccoon (or hire a trapper) to solve the nuisance problem?

A:  Trapping is rarely a solution to wildlife nuisance problems.  As one animal is removed, another from the surrounding area will soon take its place.  The answer is to exclude the animal from the food or nesting source that is attracting it.  Nuisance wildlife control companies charge a fee - sometimes hundreds of dollars - for problems that homeowners can often resolve themselves.  In addition, when animals are trapped during birthing season, starving babies may be left behind. Homeowners are then horrified to find a foul odor emanating throughout their house.  Animals should never be trapped under extreme conditions, such as on sunny rooftops, in rain, snow, sleet, or other bad weather which will cause the animal to suffer and die.

We discourage trapping unless an animal is stuck somewhere and can’t get out or poses an immediate threat to humans or domestic pets. If you do hire a nuisance trapper, be sure to read our “Standards for Working with a Nuisance Wildlife Control Operator” brochure first to ensure that humane practices are followed and no animals are orphaned in the process.